Wednesday, 10 October 2012

Sunspots, CMEs, and Solar Flares...

hi all,

Over the coming months you may come across information/news about sunspots, CME's (Coronal Mass Ejection's), and solar flares.  And seeing as we are pretty much within a "solar maximum," and geomagnetic storms are active, I thought to provide a really simple summary without too many long words or any equations.   

Sun Spots

Due to the pull of the planets on the equator of the sun, the sun's equator spins faster than the solar poles, and as a result,every 87 days the equator ‘laps’ the pole of the sun.

The effect of this is a winding of the magnetic forces within the sun, creating sun spots.

 The sun goes through sun spots cycles, wherein there are many sunspots appearing around every 10.8 years or so, in what is knows as sunspot season.  When the sun is at the peak of the sun spot season it is known as solar maximum (we are in solar maximum around now/early 2013).

Each sunspot has two magnetic poles.   They can be around 4500 degrees and span over 80,000Km.  At the time of writing there are over 80 sunspots on the sun and a new one arrived today, and most solar flares and Coronal Mass Ejections (CME's) originate in the magnetically active regions around visible sunspot groupings.

Many state there has been mini-ice ages in solar minimums (low average number of sunspots) and evidence of droughts during solar maximums - pretty much controlling our climate to an extent.
Here are the past two days sunspot regions condensed into 10 seconds.

Periods of high sunspot activity are also associated with a slight increase in the total energy output of the sun.

Here are a few graphs showing the number of sunspots in recent cylces.

It seems to be getting more spotty thats for sure.....just like a teenage boy ;-)


Coronal Mass Ejection's are a massive burst of solar wind and magnetics, rising above the solar corona or being released into space.  They are sometimes, but not always, associated with solar flares.   They increase their arc as they travel, at speeds of up to 1 million miles n hour!  At solar maximum about 3 per day can occur, and at solar minimum about one every 5 days.   CME's are caused by magnetics reaking havoc.

And a video of the effects on earth here.

A CME can make the 93-million-mile journey to Earth in just three to four days, usually slowly accelerating all the way,  but as the suns surface moves (not in a fixed rotation like a planet), a CME can go in many other directions away from the sun.   As a CME arcs and grows as it moves it does not have to be directed exactly at the earth to come into contact with the earth's own electromagnetic field.

A CME can impact the Earth in a couple of ways. It can cause aurora's, and can damage satellites, electricity, and radios. 

We just had a largish CME the other day on the 8th which arrived here on the 10th, creating auroras far down from the north pole - This is Alberta in Canada, looks nice, but hey, it's really a bit dodgy.

Many scientists have come up with the following pattern (below- top left) in the auroras when a massive electrical discharge or plasma instability is present, I find it interesting to see this pattern has been in cave art and pottery all around the ancient world.   A massive CME must have happened before.  Research the Squatterman if this interests you.


Solar Flares

A Solar Flare is a large energy release from the sun,about a sixth of the total energy output of the Sun each second!   And are usually followed by CME's.

They are tremendous explosions on the surface of the Sun, and in a matter of a few minutes they heat matter to many millions of degrees and release as much energy as a billion megatons of TNT..... (don't tell the American goverment).

Not much is really known about solar flares really, for example, it is not clear how the magnetic energy is transformed into the particle kinetic energy, but the scientists like to pretend they know everything.

There are 3 categories: X-class flares are big; they are major events that can trigger planet-wide radio blackouts and long-lasting radiation storms. M-class flares are medium-sized; they can cause brief radio blackouts that affect Earth's polar regions.  C-class flares are small with few noticeable consequences here on Earth.  So an X is ten times an M and 100 times a C.  Within each letter class there is a finer scale from 1 to 9. 

Here is a massive X6.9 flare from august 2011....with nice music :)

And another vid of it here.
Even mainstream media has mentioned a little about flares, but generally keep it all quiet.

Some even think flares can affect us internally, akin to other astrological cosmic energy,   


Some state that the ancient Maya and Egyptians knew how to calculate sun spots, CME's, and flares, but with much of ancient Egypt under sand and forbidden for excavation, and with most of the Maya codixes burnt by the Spanish, we will never really know.

A few things are very real though, ancients all over the world worshipped sun gods, the maya said the sun had cycles, and if electrics went now - well, this short profit free documovie may give you a heads up. 

If this all interests you, get your head around for weather on our very active sun :)   or rinse the videos in my last blog, plus seek out those online who are creating patterns relating sun activity to earthquakes.

.....or keep working for paper notes, watching TV, and consuming from toxic corporations.


On another note, I came across an amazing thesis by independent scholars looking at reasons for left brain dominance, the shrinking of the pineal gland, and how diet has played its part in making man a bit of a right brain' monster.   It almost reads as the science of mysticism in places.   Oh my, what a waste of time school was, it was not just a waste, it hindered, and one has to unlearn all the crud they pitchforked in.....strange huh?

And here is a new amazing blog by a friend of mine.